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I remember wearing pigtails as a little girl and loving it. I loved the way my hair bounced and swished from side to side whenever I walked. I thought it was quite the thing. I would carefully deliberate on what color hair ribbons to wear and smugly thought myself as cute as a pup. Really, as a curly-haired girl in a country where most everyone had gleaming straight locks, a moment of bright-eyed, optimistic hair-love is truly a treasured memory.
As I watch my daughter today, bounding ahead of me, with those two very same pigtails, ringlets bouncing jauntily, it throws me back to those carefree times of childhood, when everything was exciting and my years-long battle with my wild locks was yet far in my future. I smile and thank God that I have the chance to revisit, and re-experience, those rose-colored nooks and crannies of time, all through this spunky little package C and I have been gifted with.
C remembers this spaghetti. If not technically from his childhood then from the time when he still lived with his mother. P. Cruz is the street where he lived and thus we’ve dubbed this P. Cruz Spaghetti. I hardly ever use mince in pasta sauce (except for meatballs), but to recreate C’s homely favorite, I break my own rules.
P. Cruz Spaghetti
500 grams spaghetti or linguine, or any other long pasta of your choice
1 white onion, chopped
8 cloves garlic, minced and divided
500 grams ground sirloin
2 teaspoons Italian seasoning
250 grams fresh button mushrooms
1 kilo canned chopped tomatoes
1/4 cup water to rinse out the can
1 1/2 tablespoon tomato paste
2 teaspoons sugar
Salt and pepper
- Prepare the pasta as per package instructions in well-salted water. Keep some of the pasta cooking water aside in case you need it.
- Heat a heavy-based pot over medium-high heat. Add a couple of generous swirls of olive oil. When the oil is hot add the onions and half the garlic and sauté until the onions are soft and translucent. Add the Italian seasoning and stir, sautéing until the smell of the dried herbs wafts up.
- To this add the ground beef and sauté, stirring, until the beef browns, breaking up any clumps. At this point remove as much or as little of the oil that the beef renders.
- Add the tomatoes, the water (rinsing out the can in which the tomatoes came), tomato paste, sugar, salt and pepper to the pot. Stir everything together and simmer over low heat, stirring occasionally, for 30 minutes to an hour, crushing the chunks of tomato against the side of the pot with your wooden spoon. I sometimes let this go for even longer. You want the sauce to cook down, becoming thick and pulpy, and the flavors of the sauce to meld into the meat.
- While the sauce is simmering (or even while you are making it if you are more dexterous) get on with your mushrooms. Heat a large skillet over medium high heat. Add a good glug of olive oil and when the oil is hot add the mushrooms and the rest of the garlic. Add a scattering of salt and pepper and sauté until the mushrooms soften and become golden. You want them to release their juices and then have those juices evaporate so the mushrooms' flavors intensify. When done, add this to the tomato sauce and carry on cooking until the sauce is done, tasting first to adjust the seasoning.
- Serve with grated parmesan cheese and garlic bread if you want to be faithful to the P. Cruz way.
Some caveats here. I know the thought of adding sugar to pasta sauce may seem scandalous to some, and I don’t usually, but this is the P. Cruz way and I am not one to stand between my husband and his nostalgia. Besides, I honestly think that, used scrupulously, a little sugar can take the edge of canned tomatoes, you just need to strike a good balance. In any case, if it goes against your beliefs, by all means leave it out.
The Italian seasoning, that little bottle of mixed dried herbs by McCormick that you can find in most supermarkets, is also essential to the spirit of the original dish. So yes, fresh herbs are fabulous, and as far as dried herb/spice mixes are concerned there are more sophisticated ones, but, again, we are going for the taste of nostalgia here.
All that being said, I must be honest and confess that I couldn’t help make some adjustments. The original was made with tomato sauce but I really, really prefer canned tomatoes. Also, the original used canned mushrooms but since we can get such great fresh ones locally (I get mine from theMinistry of Mushrooms), and fresh are really so much better than canned, I use fresh here.
So I supposed I wasn’t that diligent about strictly adhering to tradition. Oh well. We make our own marks on recipes. Perhaps little C will add her own tweaks one day. I hope she does. In the meantime I am content to stir this pot and thankful to enjoy childhood a second time around.
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The Ministry of Finance of India introduced an updated tax informant reward scheme in April, adjusting the reward ceiling from the equivalent of $22,000 to about $147,000 for hiding income and $734,000 for black money. Cui Yongyuan, a former Chinese talk show host, has blown the whistle for tax evasion in the entertainment industry, which rapidly developed into an internet sensation. The discussion of whistleblowers has taken center stage.
The disclosure incentive in China is limited, since the reward maxes out at 100,000 yuan ($15,400) and reports must be made with a real name. Learning from India, China can bring up its reward limit a bit. But due to the moral risk, relying on whistleblowers can only be a secondary option. In order to make the tax system effective at reducing the income gap, tax reform and adopting more technology would be more reliable options.
The Indian reward scheme is another attempt after last year's botched demonetization move to try to tackle money laundering. The scheme specifically offered information for foreigners who want to provide information about tax evasion. The choice of a higher reward is due to the unbalanced infrastructure and technology level within India. China, which has better technology coverage, does not have to rely on citizens to provide tips.
Though the reward amount can be increased, related laws and regulations need improvement. On the one hand, better protection of the whistleblower's information and personal safety is needed. On the other hand, the handling and collecting of information cannot violate the law and the rights of other citizens.
For instance, photographs cannot be obtained by invading privacy. It is necessary to draw a clear line between whistleblowing and encouraging the harvesting of personal information, which may jeopardize public security.
Whistleblowing should only act as a supplement to social norms to generate positive social effects. Whistleblowing should be bound with the social credit system. If incorrect information is intentionally provided, the whistleblower will blemish his or her social credit, in addition to facing criminal charges.
Moreover, the taxation department needs to take a more active role, rather than letting whistleblowing become a main method to gain information.
Those who are able should do more work. High income is generally proportionate with social responsibilities and contributions. It is the outcome of market competition.
High income individuals, who can afford accountants and lawyers, have more clever tax avoidance and tax evasion options. To change this situation, a major breakthrough is required in tax reform and tax collection.
China has adopted a classified income tax system. One downside is the lack of comprehensive evaluation of the taxpayer's real income. The income tax reform has already been drafted. A comprehensive calculation combining salary, labor, remuneration income and royalties is expected to be introduced soon.
Solving the problem of information asymmetry is vital during the process of tax collection. Many people, especially those in the high income group, have their income sources coming from different provinces or even countries. This poses a great challenge for the taxation administration. China's taxation department will have to create an information exchange mechanism and share information with as many countries as possible.
Also, more technology such as big data, the internet, and cloud computing could be applied to broaden the information collection channels. For example, big data would allow comparison of various types of data on the same platform.
These changes will be a process, as will raising consciousness about paying taxes. China is moving along the right track. As the tax reform takes place, and new technologies are adopted, whistleblowing will hopefully become the last resort.
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